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Lumbago (Low Back Pain): Causes, Treatments, and Prevention

Lumbago is a general term for low back pain. In fact, the two terms were once used interchangeably. However, “lumbago” is an outdated term, and nowadays, doctors try to only use more specific terms when talking about back pain.

On any given day, it is estimated 12% of people experience lumbago/low back pain.

Fortunately, back pain can often be treated with chiropractic care. Chiropractic patients consistently report higher satisfaction rates than those that go to physical therapy or a primary care physician.

Click here to set up your appointment at Denver Upper Cervical Chiropractic. Our patients and their success stories speak for themselves. (We reserve Fridays for out of town patients.)

In this article, you’ll learn about the causes, risk factors, and treatment options for lumbago, as well as how to prevent low back pain.

What is lumbago?

Lumbago is a common condition that basically means lower back pain. Lumbago/low back pain isn’t a single disease — instead, it is a symptom of many different medical conditions.

However, “lumbago” was deemed too general a term by the medical community. These days, healthcare professionals use more specific terminology to describe low back pain.

The causes of lumbago are what doctors tend to refer to, instead of the term “lumbago”. For example, if your lumbago is caused by back muscle strain, doctors would call that low back pain due to muscle strain, instead of using the term lumbago.

4 in 5 people living in developed countries will experience a type of lumbago at some time in their lives.

Is lumbago a real disease? No, lumbago is not a disease. It’s a general term for the symptom of low back pain. Also, “lumbago” is an outdated term for low back pain, so doctors tend to use more specific terms nowadays, such as sciatica or spinal stenosis.

Causes of Low Back Pain

What is the cause of lumbago? Below are 15 medical conditions that may cause lumbago and low back pain:

  1. Muscle strain
  2. Ligament injury
  3. Sciatica
  4. Osteoporosis
  5. Osteoarthritis
  6. Spinal stenosis (compression of the spinal nerves)
  7. Herniated disc
  8. Degenerative disc disease
  9. Scoliosis (or the related conditions lordosis and kyphosis)
  10. Tumors near the spine
  11. Fibromyalgia
  12. Spondylitis
  13. Spondylosis
  14. Osteomyelitis
  15. Broken bone near the spinal region
  16. Sprain

Likely, a healthcare professional will have to diagnose the underlying cause of your chronic low back pain before he or she recommends treatment options specific to your case.

Qualified professionals may x-ray your spinal cord or administer a physical examination before diagnosing the underlying cause.

Risk Factors

Here are the most common risk factors for low back pain:

Lumbago Symptoms

What are the signs of lumbago? Below are the warning signs and symptoms of lumbago:

Depending on the cause of lumbago, other symptoms may also occur. For example, if lumbago is caused by a herniated disc, the pain will increase while sitting but decrease when lying down. Lumbago due to scoliosis could also cause an abnormal curvature of the spine.

When to See a Doctor

Seek immediate medical attention if your low back pain is accompanied by a fever, unexplained weight loss, or new issues with your bladder or bowels. If low back pain appears after a fall or traumatic injury, see a doctor.


Possible treatment options for lumbago/low back pain include:

  1. Chiropractic careResearch indicates that chiropractic care is better and more cost-effective than taking medicine and/or visiting a primary care physician for back pain. Chiropractors leave their patients feeling less pain, less disabled, less dependent on drugs, and more satisfied.
  2. Physical therapy — Also called physiotherapy, physical therapy can teach you stretches and exercises that improve your posture and strengthen your back/core. Physical therapists should be able to improve your range of motion and strengthen your musculoskeletal system so future injuries are less likely. Also, obesity and excess weight are risk factors for low back pain. Exercise helps you maintain a healthy weight.
  3. Pain medications — Many doctors prescribe pain-relieving pharmaceuticals to “treat” lumbago. Acetaminophen and NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as ibuprofen treat symptoms, not the root cause. These pain medications are for pain management only and not recommended as long-term treatment.
  4. Injections — There are various injections doctors may administer to treat back pain, depending on the underlying cause. Nerve block injections provide temporary pain relief for low back pain by blocking pain receptors. Facet joint injections treat neck pain and back pain by introducing anesthetic and steroids to the affected facet joint. Epidural steroid injections reduce inflammation around the spinal nerves. Botulinum toxin A (botox) injections have been shown to improve chronic back pain in half of patients.
  5. Acupuncture — This strategic insertion of filiform needles has been shown to work better than a placebo at treating low back pain.
  6. Massage therapy — A massage may help ease tense or overworked muscles, which is a common cause of low back pain.
  7. Surgery — Surgical options are a last resort for most lumbago patients. A neurosurgeon or orthopedic surgeon may perform a spinal fusion, spinal laminectomy, discectomy, or nucleoplasty — to name a few common procedures.

Can lumbago be cured? Yes, depending on the underlying cause, lumbago/low back pain can be cured. If lumbago is caused by inflammation, a steroid injection may cure it. However, other lumbago-causing medical conditions cannot be permanently cured, like osteoporosis.


6 tips on preventing low back pain:

  1. Regularly practice low-impact aerobic exercises. They make your back feel better in the short-term, and they help you maintain a healthy weight in the long-term.
  2. Build muscle strength, particularly in your lumbar region.
  3. Quit smoking, which increases your risk of low back pain.
  4. Practice good posture. Treat it like exercise. Sit perfectly for a few minutes one day, then increase the time you consciously sit with perfect posture until it’s second nature.
  5. Avoid heavy lifting. If you must lift, then lift with your legs. Keep your back straight and only bend at your knees.
  6. Try yoga. It strengthens your back and abdomen muscles and promotes good posture.

Lumbago/low back pain is often brought on by long hours of sitting.

Long-Term Outlook

Most people experience low back pain (lumbago) at some point in their life. Just because it’s common doesn’t mean you have to live with it.

Seek treatment and stop relying on pain medications and the adverse side effects — get treated for the root cause of your back pain.

At Denver Upper Cervical Chiropractic, we have administered countless chiropractic adjustments and seen amazing success stories. Gentle spinal adjustments are critical in treating back pain. Click here to learn more about Dr. Ty Carzoli and his unique approach to spine health.

New patient? Click here to learn what to expect and how to move forward.


  1. Hoy, D., Bain, C., Williams, G., March, L., Brooks, P., Blyth, F., … & Buchbinder, R. (2012). A systematic review of the global prevalence of low back pain. Arthritis & Rheumatism, 64(6), 2028-2037. Abstract: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22231424/
  2. Allan, G. M., & Manning, M. A. (2017). Spinal manipulative therapy for low back pain-time for an update Response. CANADIAN FAMILY PHYSICIAN, 63(9), 672-673. Full text: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5597007/
  3. Khodakarami, N. (2020, March). Treatment of Patients with Low Back Pain: A Comparison of Physical Therapy and Chiropractic Manipulation. In Healthcare (Vol. 8, No. 1, p. 44). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute. Full text: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4364128/
  4. Jabbari, B. (2012) Botox Treatment of Chronic Refractory Low Back Pain. Practical Pain Management, 5(6). Full text: https://www.practicalpainmanagement.com/pain/spine/botox-treatment-chronic-refractory-low-back-pain
  5. Liu, L., Skinner, M., McDonough, S., Mabire, L., & Baxter, G. D. (2015). Acupuncture for low back pain: an overview of systematic reviews. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2015. Full text: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4364128/
  6. Green, B. N., Johnson, C. D., Snodgrass, J., Smith, M., & Dunn, A. S. (2016). Association between smoking and back pain in a cross-section of adult Americans. Cureus, 8(9). Full text: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5081254/

Dr. Ty Carzoli

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Denver Upper Cervical Chiropractic

Patient Reviews Say It All

Click here to view our glowing patient testimonials. Denver Upper Cervical Chiropractic delivers results when conventional doctors say it’s impossible.


Based on 139 reviews.

Dr.Ty Carzoli is extremely professional, punctual and informative. The office is clean and organized. My treatments from him have allowed me to think towards the future, not just day to day. Overall, a great experience!

Leslie Goodman

I absolutely LOVE going to Denver Upper Cervical Chiropractic. Dr. Ty knows his stuff and I've never felt better. His style of chiropractic care has improved my sleeping, mood, and fitness capacity. Plus, they are really great at making me feel appreciated. See super sweet picture from my birthday. I would HIGHLY recommend giving them a try, but only if you really want to improve how you feel.

Carla Streff

Overall, I didn’t necessarily feel that I had any particular issues other than a prior shoulder injury that slightly bothered me when I exercised with a heavy set of weights. I felt fairly energetic due to the typical routine of exercise and eating a well balanced healthy diet. The idea for my treatment was to be more proactive about my long term health and ensure that I was in proper alignment.
After my initial consultation, I found out my body was out of alignment more than I felt. I did not feel much different after the first few adjustments; however, what I did not realize until a few weeks in is that I had been waking up prior to treatment with kind of a groggy kind of feeling. After years of waking up like this I assumed this was just the norm. I now have been waking up with little fatigue and grogginess (even with a 10 month old baby) and a new burst of revitalization even if I did not get a full 8 hours of sleep. The feeling of being excited the day before a trip has been occurring on the standard day getting up for work. My workouts have also seen an improvement with the new improved energy levels as well as the standard weight I typically lift went up with little efforts.
Dr. Ty is extremely knowledgeable about what he does and would not think about using anyone else for my care. I love walking into the awesome environment that Dr. Ty has established and the overall care that comes from the visits. Dr. Ty and his fantastic staff has an amazing energy that I very much look forward to when visiting the office!
Even if you think that you have a good alignment, you should be sure to visit Dr. Ty for a great proactive health care plan!

Derek Greer


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